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Abstract

THERAPEUTIC POTENTIAL OF ARGEMONE MAXICANA L. IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF AYURVEDA AND RECENT RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

Ravi Kaushik*, Chandan Singh, Manoj Adlakha and Dr. Rajendraprasad Purvia

Abstract

Argemone mexicana commonly known as Maxican poppy or Prickly poppy. “Satyanasi, kataila and Bhatkatiya” are the local names of Argemone maxicana used in India. It belongs to the family Papaveraceae. It is a valuable medicinal plant which has vast therapeutic potential. It is described as Svarnkshiri in the some classical text of Ayurveda and used to cure several diseases. Argemone mexicana is extensively used as traditional medicine for the treatment of numerous diseases. Its leaves, stem, latex, roots and seeds have several pharmacological properties. It is reported to have antimicrobial activity, wound healing property, nematicidal, antimalarial, antibacterial and antifungal, anticancer, hepatoprotective, anti-HIV and neuropharmacological activity. Many of the bioactive compounds obtained from the Argemone seeds are especially effective in the treatment of chronic diarrhea, dysentery, peptic ulcers, as well as respiratory infections. Scientific studies have validated numerous medicinal applications of Argemone mexicana, which include analgesic, antispasmodic, depurative, emetic, antipyretic, emmenagogue, sedative, vulnerary, healing dermatological problems etc. Argemone mexicana is a plant traditionally used in Nigeria and some African countries to treat peptic ulcer disease. However, its medicinal property is not much highlighted due to a popular misconception that this plant is poisonous and causes epidemic dropsy, with symptoms including extreme swelling, particularly of the legs, but this is what after the adulteration process of edible oils. The present review deals with pharmacological profile of Argemone mexicana, emphasizing its medicinal property against various human ailments.

Keywords: Traditional medicine, Mexican poppy, Antimicrobial, Antiulcer activity, peptic ulcer, antioxidant, chromosomal.


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