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Abstract

ARKA KALPANA: A CONCEPTUAL STUDY

Dr. Shankar*, Dr. Radhika Injamuri, Dr. Suryanarayana M. and Dr. Susantakumar Barika

Abstract

In Ayurveda many formulations have been explained in all kind of samhitas. Among the large number of formulations specified by Acharya, the panchavidha kashaya kalpanas have great importance as they form the primary or basic dosage forms from which other secondary dosage forms are prepared. Arka kalpana is a very unique formulation in ayurvedic pharmaceutics for its method of preparation and efficacy. According to Ravana’s Arka Prakasha, the Panchvidha kalpanas include Kalka, Choorna, Rasa, Taila and Arka. Arka kalpana is given specific importance and it opines that it has more potency in comparison to the other kalpanas. It is most potent due to dosharahithatva and its specific gunas. Arka have more potency, less dose, more self-life, easy absorption, quick action and patient compliance. Due to these reasons, it is very popular now a days. In preparation of arka specific yantra, agni, patras and different methods and consistency of drug are important. Now a days, distillation apparatus is used for preparation of arka. In this article along with preparation of arka, other different types of arka are also explained.

Keywords: Panchavidha kashaya kalpana, Arka, Distillation, Shushka kasahara arka.


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