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Abstract

PHARMACEUTICAL STANDARDIZATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SVARNA VANGA PREPARED WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO RASATARANGINI

Vd. Himanee V. Chaudhari, Vd. Raman S. Belge

Abstract

Background: The word Rasashastra (the Iatrochemistry of Ayurveda) explains the Science of Mercury specialized in dealing mainly with materials known as „Rasa dravyaas’ aiming at three characteristic attributes: instant effectiveness, requirement of very small doses and extensive therapeutic utility irrespective of constitutional variation with different types of metallic preparations including Bhasmas, Pishti, Pottali, Kupipakva etc. Kupipakva Rasayanas are Rasaushadhis (herbomineral medicines) prepared by unique pharmaceutical process explained in Rasashastra involve utilization of various attributes like unique heating pattern,constitutional variations and catalyst leading to desired chemical changes and product formation. Svarṇa Vanga (SV) is a novel Kupipakwa Rasayana prepared from Parada (Mercury), Gandhaka (Sulfur), Vanga (Tin), Navasadara (Ammonium Chloride) and Saindhava Lavaṇa (Rock salt) mainly indicated in Madhumeha (diabetes mellitus), Shwasa (respiratory disorders), Pradara (menorrhagia), and as a Vruṣhya (aphrodisiac). Aim and Objectives: To study and establish the standard manufacturing processes for Svarṇa Vanga (SV) through in process standardization of three batches. Materials and Methods: SV was prepared in three batches viz. SV1, SV2 and SV3. This was done to establish a standard operating procedure for preparing SV, Shodhita Vaṅga was melted and triturated with Shodhita Parada (mercury) to form an amalgam. After amalgamation Saindhava Lavaṇa was mixed and levigated with Nimbu Swarasa and washed thoroughly. Shuddha Gandhaka (Sulfur) and Navasadara (Ammonium chloride) were added after being dried and ground into a fine powder. The Kajjali thus formed was filled in Kupi and proceesed for gradual heating in Valuka Yantra for 21.30 hrs. On self cooling, the product formed at the bottom of the Kupi was collected. Organoleptic parameters of SV were analyzed and tabulated. Results and Conclusion: SV is a Talastha Kupipakwa Rasayana. It requires Mṛudu (

Keywords: Ayurveda, Kupipakva Rasayana, standardization, Swarna Vanga.


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