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Abstract

A REVIEW ON THE PHARMACOGNOSTICAL, ETHNOMEDICAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF AYAPANA TRIPLINERVIS (VAHL) R.M.KING & H.ROB.(ASTERACEAE)

Donna Mary Johnson*, Arthi I., Reeha P. H. and Suhail

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Abstract

Ayapana triplinervis (Vahl) R. M. King & H. Rob also known as Eupatorium triplinerve is an ornamental perennial herb that belongs to the Asteraceae family. It is native to South America and can appear in the Amazon region of Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, and the three Guyanas. It is frequently known as white snake root, Aya-pana, water hemp, pool root etc. The flowers are pale pink and stem is reddish in colour which is hairless and thin. The plant parts often used are leaf and stem which has a vital importance in the folkloric treatment of piles, chronic diarrhoea, lung desease, influenza, constipation and badly infected wounds and bleedings. The plant is assumed to be sudorific, astringent, stomachic, stimulant, febrifuge, tonic and anti-tumorous. Phytochemical Analysis discloses the existence of alkaloids, phenols, Tannis, terpinoids and flavonoids. The plant shows pharmacological activities like anti-microbial, anti-viral, antinociceptic and inflammatory. The present review outlines all the research works that includes the pharmacognostic, phytochemical, ethnomedical and pharmacological aspects achieved on this plant for the sake of providing upgraded information for the time ahead.

Keywords: Ayapana triplinervis, anti-microbial, Eupatorium triplinerve, Eupatorium ayapana.


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