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Abstract

INFLUENCE OF YOGA- INTERVENTION ON OBESITY AND HYPERLIPIDEMIA- A REVIEW

Anil Kothari* and Bhanu Prakash Joshi 

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Abstract

In the present time yoga is being applied in the field of therapeutics against various diseases. Obesity associated with hyperlipidemia increases the risk for metabolic and cardiovascular health. This review highlights the role of selected yogic practices in the management of obesity and hyperlipidemia and in turn addresses the root cause of cardio-vascular diseases. Methods: The randomized controlled trials, cross sectional studies and/or meta-analysis having English language were identified by using these keywords: yoga, yoga and obesity, yoga and hyperlipidemia, yoga and lipid profile, yoga and dyslipidemia, yoga and metabolic health. The criteria of selection were based on the following conditions. (i) The language of the published paper must be English. (ii) The study design must be randomized controlled trials with pre and post-test, cross sectional studies and/or meta-analysis and consisted of a yoga intervention. Two authors searched 3 databases (Google, Google Scholar and Cochrane library database) using the keywords described above along with health research portals from the inception till 2021.The duplicates were removed by Mendeley. 31 studies were included in the current review on the basis of selection criteria and meeting the objectives of the study. Objectives of the Study Included 1. To review the role of yoga on obesity and hyperlipidemia through the following parameters. i) BMI (Body Mass Index) ii) Lipid Profile (LDL, Triglycerides, HDL, Total Cholesterol) iii) Neurochemicals (Cortisol, Serotonin, Melatonin and Dopamine) Results: As a result, in individuals with signs of obesity and hyperlipidemia with (i) the presence of high BMI score: yoga may decrease and/or balance the BMI and therefore manage obesity; (ii) the presence of increased serum cholesterol, triglyceride level and low density lipoprotein (LDL) level and low level of high density lipoprotein (HDL):yoga may significantly improve various lipid profile parameters and manages hyperlipidemia; (iii) the imbalances in neuro-transmitters decrease the metabolic rate, increases stress and thereby the body stores more fat: yoga may significantly regulate the level of such neurotransmitters in the body and hence can lower the chances of cardiovascular disease. This review demonstrates that yoga practice can modify the health risks associated with obesity and hyperlipidemia.

Keywords: Yoga, Obesity, Hyperlipidemia, Metabolic, Cardiovascular.


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