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Abstract

EFFECT OF RĀSNĀ PAÑCAKA KṢĪRA VASTI IN SANDHIGATA VĀTĀ W.S.R. TO OSTEOARTHRITIS OF KNEEJOINT: A SINGLE CASE STUDY

Dr. Haritha K. S.*, Dr. K. Harshavardhana Appaji

Abstract

Sandhigata Vāta can be defined as a disease of Sandhi (Joint) with symptoms Sandhiśūla (Pain in joints) Sandhiśotha(Swelling in the joint) and Ākuñcana prasāraṇe vedana (Pain on flexion and extension of the joints) and in the later stage Hanti sandhigatah (Diminution of the movements at the joints). If it affects the Jānu (knee), then known as Jānu Sandhigata Vāta. It is correlated with osteoarthritis of the knee joint, is one such chronic, degenerative, non- inflammatory disease which significantly affects a person's quality of life. Its prevalence rate is 22–39%, making it India's second most prevalent rheumatologic condition. Osteoarthritis itself does not create a life-threatening hazard, but the pain and decreased mobility it causes can dramatically lower quality of life, leading to dependency and incapacity. In classics, Tiktaka Sa Ghṛta Kṣīra Vasti is praised in the management of Asthi Saṃśruta Vikāra. Rāsnāpañcaka Kaṣāya which is explained in Sahasrayoga predominantly contains Tikta rasa drugs. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of Rāsnāpañcaka Kṣīra vasti in the management of Jānu Sandhigata Vāta. Method: 56 years old female patient came with complain of pain, Tenderness, Crepitus, Limitation of movement of Both Knee joint, Varus deformity of Knee joint and disturbed sleep due to Knee pain. Patient was admitted to the Panchakrma IPD of S.V.Ayurveda college hospital female ward and she had been treated with Rāsnāpañcaka Kṣīra Vasti for 16 days. Result: After undergoing Panchakarma therapy, the patient's symptoms, such as pain, swelling, stiffness, etc, significantly improved. Conclusion: It was found that Rāsnāpañcaka Kṣīra Vasti played a crucial role in the management of Jānu Sandhigata Vāta.

Keywords: Ja?nu Sandhigata Va?ta, Osteoarthritis, Ra?sna?pañcaka Ks?i?ra Vasti.


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