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Best Paper Award :
Dr. Dhrubo Jyoti Sen
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Abstract

HUMAN MONKEYPOX -: NEXT CAUSE OF FEAR?

Dishari Dutta*, Sagnik Biswas, Neelakshi Pal and Chowdhury Mobaswar Hossain

Abstract

Human Monkeypox is caused by Monkeypox virus (MPXV) of Poxviridae family and of Chordopoxvirinae. Monkeypox virus (MPXV) is the causative organisms for Monkeypox disease with an incubation period of 6 – 13 days or with a mean of 12 days (range of 5- 21). Smallpox was uprooted by the vaccinia virus vaccine which was also useful for the other orthopox infections. Monkeypox virus is one kind of orthopox virus which is differentiated into two clades-Congo Basin and West African. Smallpox vaccine was effective against human monkeypox virus as well but recently the remergence in population who have not being vaccine is reported. The difference between smallpox and monkeypox is in transmission. Human to human transmission is occurred in case of smallpox but in case of monkeypox the virus is transmitted to human from animal. Human monkeypox virus being zoonotic in nature and transmission medium makes it worrisome. Different factors are studied by researchers for the knowledge about the pathogen, symptoms and detection. This review focuses on the history, Zonotic diseases, risk for disease emergence, transmission and complications related to the disease.

Keywords: Human monkeypox, Zoonotic disease, Smallpox vaccine, Endemic disease.


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