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Abstract

PEPTIC ULCER: A REVIEW

Jasmine Shalet D. Souza*

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Abstract

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the inner lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or sometimes the lower esophagus. An ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, while one in the first part of the intestines is a duodenal ulcer. The most common symptoms of a duodenal ulcer are waking at night with upper abdominal pain and upper abdominal pain that improves with eating. With a gastric ulcer, the pain may worsen with eating. The pain is often described as a burning or dull ache. Other symptoms include belching, vomiting, weight loss, or poor appetite. About a third of older people have no symptoms. Complications may include bleeding, perforation, and blockage of the stomach. Bleeding occurs in as many as 15% of cases. Helicobacter pylori infection leads to peptic ulcer. The treatment for peptic ulcer include agents which help in reduction of gastric acid secretion, agents which neutralize the gastric acid, ulcer protective agents and Anti-helicobacter pylori agents.

Keywords: Peptic ulcer, duodenal ulcer, treatment, symptoms.


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