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Abstract

MALAHARA KALPANA: A REVIEW ARTICLE

Dr. Yashwant Kumar Parmar*, Prof. Avadhesh Bhatt, Dr. Sandeep and Dr. Shagufta Yasmeen

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Abstract

The main purpose of Ayurveda is – to protect the health of a healthy person and to treat a sick person.[1] Under Bahya Kalpana is Malahara Kalpana (external application). Ghrita, oil, wax, myrrh, resin, essence, alum etc. are mainly used in Malahara Kalpana. In modern medical practice, ointment is made by vaseline, paraffin etc. Various ointments are made by mixing mercury, sulphur, zinc oxide, vermilion, camphor, tutya etc. in the above lubricating substances. In Ayurveda Siktha Taila (a beeswax and oil mixture) or Ghrita is the main ingredient in the ointment preparation known as Malahara Kalpana. Depending on the usage, the additional ingredient may contain botanical, metallic, or mineral components. Rasa Tarangani, a 20th century Rasa Shastra work by Acharya Sadananda Sharma, lists numerous varieties of Malahara Kalpana, primarily using Siktha Taila as a base. Although this Kalpana has a long history of use in the treatment of illnesses, this particular issue is very briefly mentioned and explained in this book. Therefore, the goal of the current paper is to clarify and unravel Rasatarangani's Malahara Kalpana. In summary, a brief analysis of historical background demonstrates that numerous evolutionary changes in the preparation of Malahara Kalpana have occurred from the Vaidika period to the current period. During the Vaidika period, only a paste of the medicine was used; but, later on, additional ingredients like Navaneeta, Ghrita, etc. were added in an effort to increase their potential.

Keywords: Malahara Kalpana, Vaidika, Navaneeta, Ghrita.


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