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Abstract

A STUDY TO EVALUATE THE RISK OF MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE ORGANISM [MDRO] AND ANTI-BACTERIAL RESISTANCE AMONG ICU PATIENTS

Ashitha Ephrem, Meghana C. R.* and A. R. Shabaraya

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Abstract

Multidrug- resistant organisms are bacteria that have come resistant to certain antibiotics, and these antibiotics can no longer be used to control or kill the bacteria. Antibiotics are important medicines. They fight with infections which are caused by bacteria. Bacteria that repel treatment with farther than one antibiotic are called multidrugresistant organisms (MDROs). Multidrug- resistant organisms are set up mainly in hospitals and long- term care installations. They constantly affect people who are aged or truly ill and can beget bad infections. Other terms it is also called as antibiotic resistance, antibacterial resistance, and antimicrobial resistance. A prospective experimental study was conducted on a total of 60 ICU cases at Srinivas Institute of Medical Science and Research Centre, Mangalore, for a period of six months. ICU cases diagnosed with contagious conditions and specified with antibiotics are included in the study. Data were collected using a stewardship form and analyzed using MS Excel 2016. Maturity of the 60 people involved in the study were grown- ups(36- 65 years old) and elders(65 years and aged)., it was set up that 25 cases(41.66) were with the trouble of MDRO. Although the perceptivity test was performed on the maturity of the cases in the study, it's critical to follow this test with antimicrobial remedy in each case. It's important to estimate the perceptivity of pathogen before remedy and at ongoing times of remedy which avoids complications due to resistance issues by enabling the selection of applicable antimicrobial treatment and helps in overall clinical operation.

Keywords: Resistance, MDRO, Antibiotics, ICU.


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