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Abstract

CONCEPT OF VIDDHA KARMA IN NETRA ROGA

Dr. Atri Ghosh, Dr. Santosh Rahinj, Dr. Minal Rahinj and Dr. Prashant Ganbote

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Abstract

Ayurveda is most ancient medical Sciences in world. Ayurveda derived from 2 word that “Ayu” and “veda”. The meaning of Ayurveda is knowledge of Life as “Veda” means Knowledge and “Ayu” means Life. In Ayurveda there are 8 Specialty branches. One of them is Shalakya tantra. Among 5 sense organs, siro and netra gives more importance in Shalakya Tantra according to Susruta. While treating the Netra Roga Vaidya should try to reduce the pain related to various disorders. A person having PAIN is always restless, which is a routine observation in practice. This is definitely to be an obstruction to his or her routine activities. The patient always demands and expects a quick relief in his Pain, for which there is demand of Injection or Tablets. Some patients have already undergone treatments such as snehan, swedan, etc. There are several remedies in the form of Drugs or Injections in market. Such medicines are included generally in the group under the name NSAID. All these medicines adversely affect Raktavaha and Mutravaha Srotas. They tend to produce Hyperacidity. Such Drug-induced ailments are very difficult to treat. The Analgesic remedies stated by Ayurveda are not that much effective as like NSAID. The benefits of Snehana and Swedana are limited to certain extent. While learning Ayurveda, it was always heard (due to misconception) from all the seniors as well as society, that there are no effective Analgesic remedies in Ayurveda. In this condition, Viddha karma proves its effectiveness in reducing pain very quickly. Also It is and Simple Procedure & cost effective. There are some similarities of Viddha karma according to Ayurveda and Chinese acupuncture. Both medical sciences stated about anguli pramana. There is clear explanation of surface anatomy in both medical sciences while measuring the points. Sites for Viddha karma are same in Ayurveda and Chinese medicine.[1] The needle with a bevel or hole is used in Viddha karma for evacuation of vitiated dosha but in Acupuncture the needle don't have bevel/hole. that is the basic difference between Viddha karma and acupuncture. In Sushrut Samhita, Sushruta Acharya has mentioned Ashtaviddha Shastra karma (Eight types of surgical procedures) 1. Chedana (Excision) 2. Bhedana (Incision) 3. Lekhana (Scraping) 4. Vedhana (puncturing) 5. Eshana (Probing) 6. Aharana (Extraction) 7. Visravana (Draining) 8. Seevana (Suturing). Out of these eight types of surgical procedures. here 'Viddha' or 'Vedhana' is a Sanskrit word meaning 'to pierce or penetrate something.

Keywords: Viddha karma, Netra Roga.


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