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Abstract

A REVIEWARTICLE ON PRATIVISH

Navneel Chauhan* and Dr. (Prof.) Jai Kumar Singh

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Abstract

Agadtantra is one of the disciplines of ancient Ayurveda and this stream mainly deals with the study of poisons their actions, detection and treatment. Poisoning is a health problem especially in developing countries due to the unsafe uses of chemical, drug abuse, industrial waste, aquatic toxicity, occupational hazards, insect and snake bite, etc. The substance immediately after entering into the body causes the vitiation of the healthy dhatu’s or killing of healthy person is defined as Visha.[1] The substance which cause sadness to the world is called as Visha.[2] Prativish is the one which counteracts the poisonous substance. Prativish as per Ayurveda considered as a part of Chaturvimshati upakramas; work against specific poison and should be administered with great care in optimum amount. Prativish possess Ruksha, Laghu, Vishada, Vyavayi, Vikashi, Teekshna, Ushna and Sukshma Gunas. As per ayurveda if these properties of Prativisha used in proper manner then it can work like medicine (Oushadha). In Ayurveda, Acharyas clearly mentioned about the different type of poisonous substances and its Chikitsa. The concept of Prativish which is existed since ancient time needs to be supplemented, explained, refurbished and narrated for proper understanding. Therefore Prativish can be used in Chikitsa as an antitoxic agent to treat effects of poisoning. Various Ayurveda texts described uses of Visha Dravya for the treatment of poisoning. Considering the importance these aspects is present in this article dealt with concept of Prativish and their importance in treatment of poisoning.

Keywords: Agadtantra, Ayurveda, Visha, Prativish, Poison.


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