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Abstract

CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF AYURVEDA AS PREVENTION IN COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

*Dr. Rashmi Suresh Navale and Dr. Abhijeet Gaikwad

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Abstract

Ayurveda the most ancient science of the life, practiced in India for more than thousands of years based on own unique fundamental principles such as prevention of disease, maintenance of health and promotion of longevity of the life. Ayurveda has explained importance of Sadvrittacharana by following Dinacharya & Rutucharya which helps in the prevention of any kind of disease which may take place in the future. Ayurveda contains details about diet, behavior and rules also regulations which are beneficial or harmful for our life. Ayurveda defined health as an equal balance of body, mind, social and spiritual well-being. Ayurvedic classics give special emphasis on preventive aspects like practicing Dinacharya, Nishacharya, Rutucharya, Nithya sevaniya ahara, Varjana of Nidhana sevan and Pragnaparadha, undergoing regular Rutu shodhana etc., these are the important points which have been considered as the most conducive factors for maintenance of the life and health. Trayopasthamba consists of Ahara (food), Nidra (Sleep) and Brahmacharya (Good conduct). Each Upasthamba has its own importance in prevention of disease. Ahara has been considered as the first one which shows its prime importance. Intake of overall diet is responsible for prevention or production of various diseases respectively including life style disorders. Acharya Charaka has clearly stated, that daily diet should be not only helps to maintain present well-being but serves as a prophylactic against coming diseases. Although communicable diseases have been controlled to a large extent with the help of modern preventive measures like vaccination a continued re- emergence of newer infective diseases has made it necessary to re-look the measures of prevention. There is an urgent need to complement them with the traditional knowledge, In this conceptual study, we are mainly concerned with the various principles of prevention of diseases and maintenance of healthy life is discussed as mentioned in the Ayurveda.

Keywords: Prevention, Communicable Disease, Dinacharya, Ritucharya, Trayopsthamba. Aupasargika Roga, Janapadodhwansha.


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