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Abstract

A REVIEW ON DNYANENDRIYA (SENSE ORGANS) W.S.R. SPARSHANENDRIYA IN KRIYA SHARIR

Vd. Devashree A. Giri*, Vd. Sunil G. Topre and Vd. Ravindra P. Bhurke

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Abstract

According to Ayurveda classic texts Indriyas (Sense organ) are the apparatus to attain knowledge for Atma. These are the tools for obtaining knowledge. Acharya Charaka described Indriya as basic instrument in differentiating the living and non-living matters. Whereas in contemporary science Indriyas are dealt only with structure i.e., sense organ where the actual conduction process takes place. Indriyas are composed of five elements still specific Mahabhuta dominates precise Indriya. This is the reason behind reception of specific sensation by its respective Indriya. E.g. Vayu Mahabhuta dominates sparshanendriya and receive knowledge of sparsha. Considering the above said, present paper focuses upon understanding of Dnyanendriya w.s.r. sparshanendriya. Adhisthana of sparshanendriya is tvacha (skin) inside Sharir where dominance of vayu Mahabhuta is there and is responsible for acquisition of special attribute- sparsha (touch). Regarding examination of Indriya the Dnyanendriya is examined for its functional status as the status of perfection in perception of knowledge of respective object. Our study reveals that concept of Acharyas in relation to Dnyanendriya as important tool to gain specific knowledge seems true even in present era. It can be opined that Ayurveda concept related to Indriya needs to be explored through research to provide evidence based information related to Indriya Sharir.

Keywords: Dnyanendriya, Sense organs, Sparshanendriya, Skin.


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