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Abstract

REVIEW ARTICLE ON KSHUDRA KUSTHA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO VICHARCHIKA

Rakesh Kumar Papoo*

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Abstract

Ayurveda is a traditional medical system where all fundamentals about health and normal wellbeing are described. Skin is the front-line protective barrier between internal structure and external environment All skin diseases occur due to misbalance of dosha, dhatu, mala. In Ayurveda, all types of skin disease can be considered under the umbrella of Kustha roga (skin disease). Vicharchika (eczema) is a type of kshudra kustha which is often characterized with symptoms namely kandu (itching), srava (discharge), pidika (vesicles) and shyava varna (discoloration). Vicharchika is similar eczema in modern dermatology. Eczema is the group of inflammatory condition. it affects the outer layer of skin, the epidermis. it has been defined as a pattern of skin inflammation that has a characteristic morphology in acute, subacute and chronic phases. Acute phase shows clinical features like erythema, oedema, vesiculation, oozing and crusting, whereas chronic phase shows lichenification. In modern era, different types of pollutions, improper diet, use of various cosmetics etc increase prevalence of skin diseases day by day. Skin disease are common and often have an impact on an individual‟s health related quality of life. Ayurveda is great hope in this disease because of its holistic approach and classic principle. Ayurveda belief that the possible Nidanas (Etiological factors) usually taken like viruddh aahar vihar are root cause of vitiating dosha and dhatus and cause Vicharchika (skin disease)

Keywords: Vicharchika, Nidana, Viruddha aahar- vihaar, Eczema.


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