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Abstract

DEPRESSION, ANXIETY AND STRESS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND THEIR RELATION WITH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL; A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Mohammad Dahas*, Abdullah Sabai, Samy Shaaban, Yahya Hurubi, Abdulrahman Dahhas, Hussain Dahhas, Nabil Gharawi, Abdulaziz Mowdah, Abdullah Jarallah, Areej Suhail, Afaf Mejzaji, Khadijah Shiri, Mohannad Jarad, Halimah Saiegh, Basemah Shibly, Fatem Shebaly, Huda Hakami and Fahad Altherwi

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Abstract

Background: Mental health is not only the absence of illness, but the capability to respond positively to stressors in life. University time is a stressful time of challenges and transitions. Therefore, university students are balancing many demands between classroom expectations, work, extracurricular activities, social life, and more. The risk for mental health issues is increased for college students facing a great deal of stress. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress among students of Jazan University, Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. Methods: After approval from Institute Ethical Committee and informed consent from the participant, the present crosssectional study was conducted among Jazan university students. Data was collected through personal interview through a pretested questionnaire which comprised of 43 questions, and was divided into three parts included personal and socio-demographic data, DASS and IPAQ. Results: The prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress were 66.3%, 75.9%, and 48.3%, respectively. However, the prevalence of extremely severe symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress were 13.0%, 15.3%, and 6.1%, respectively. Student’s t-tests showed a significant difference between means score of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress according to gender and the academic level (p < 0.05). Furthermore, one-way ANOVA tests showed that higher mean scores of depression, anxiety, and stress are significantly different according to physical activity and the body weight status (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Abnormal body weight (underweight, overweight and obesity) are associated with depression, anxiety and stress. Students with low physical exercise are associated with these mental disorders. Female students showed a higher rate of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress. Findings from this study necessitate that implementing strategy for prevention and management of depression, anxiety, and stress is highly recommended to minimize the impact of these disorders.

Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Physical Activity, Student.


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