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Abstract

TRAYAMANA (GENTIANA KURROO ROYLE): A BITTER MARVEL

Dixha Chauhan*, Aanchal Mittal, Yashika Sharma and Monika Tyagi

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Abstract

Gentiana kurroo Royle is a bitter drug plant native to the western and northwestern Himalayas. It is considered to be critically endangered due to its limited distribution, lack of cultivation, and high rate of root and rhizome exploitation due to the presence of the most bitter compounds, such as gentianine and amaroswerin, which have medicinal value for a variety of acute and chronic conditions, including leucoderma, leprosy, bronchial asthma, dyspepsia, haemorrhoids, urinary infections, etc. It is an important ayurvedic drug. The plant's phytochemical analysis found that it includes a number of essential Phyto-constituents including iridoids, xanthones, C-glucoxanthone mangiferin, and C-glucoflavones. Tribal people regularly use the herb for a variety of regional treatments. Gentiana kurroo can be reproduced by somatic embryogenesis, rhizome cutting, shoot-made segments, and micro-filtration of seeds. In order to aid future study, the report presents an updated, thorough overview and offers insights on ethnomedicinal claims, regeneration methods, phytochemical components, pharmacognostical and pharmacological qualities of the plant.

Keywords: Trayamana; Gentiana kurroo; Phytoconstituent; Antimicrobial; Antiarthritic; Analgesic; Anti-diabetic; Neuroprotective.


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