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Abstract

FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF HERBAL SOAP USING LEAF EXTRACT OF NYCTANTHES ARBORTRISTIS AND MURRAYA KOENIGII

Atharv Badave*, Vaishnavi Padal, Shashwati Dudhbhate, Chhaya Mada, Aishwarya Nadgowda and Seema Deshpande

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Abstract

Bacterial infections are most common in humans. The herbs are known to possess various potentials like antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antifungal properties. These can be transformed into various forms, for human use. One such usage is the formulation of herbal soap that is used for treating microbial infections. It also used as a cleaning agent on a daily basis. The present study was aimed to formulate and evaluate herbal soap using Nyctanthes arbortristis and Murraya koenigii leaves extract, with a focus on phytochemical analysis. For the preparation of herbal soap, herbal leaves extract of Nyctanthes arbortristis and Murraya koenigii were prepared. It is done by Cold Maceration method using methanol as a solvent. Phytochemical analysis was performed by a simple chemical test. The antibacterial activity of the extract was determined by using Agar well diffusion technique against selected bacterial pathogens. The herbal soap was formulated by adding different ingredients along with herbal extract. The physicochemical characteristics of the herbal soap were evaluated along with the antimicrobial activity against the selected microorganisms. The herbal soap formulations were found to be stable and had good physical characteristics after stability test. The herbal soap also showed significant antimicrobial activity against the tested microorganisms. It was found to be safe for use as it did not cause any skin irritation. Therefore, it can be concluded that Nyctanthes arbortristis and Murraya koenigii herbal soaps can be a promising natural alternative to synthetic soaps with added antimicrobial activity and skin-friendly properties.

Keywords: Nyctanthes arbortristis, Murraya koenigii, Herbal soap, Antibacterial activity.


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