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Abstract

DETAIL STUDY OF KALA SHAREERA W.S.R. TO PITTADHARA KALA WITH ITS MODERN CLINICAL ANATOMY

*Dr. Vaibhav Mishra and Dr. Sourabhee Koregave

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Abstract

Pittadhara kala is on sixth number which is said to be lies in between Amashaya and Pakwashaya i.e. Grahani, which is correlated as small intestine. Grahani act as a store for chaturviddha anna pushed from the amashaya and on its way to the pakvashaya, it also endorses whole digestion and absorption with the help of Pachaka pitta which secreted by pitta dhara kala. Grahani is a sthan of pachakagni which insists in digestion of food. Digestion of food Ahar is converted into Aharras which is then absorbed by the pittadhara kala for the further nourishment of the seven dhatus. Sushruta has described definition of kala and the nature of kala in fourth chapter of sharir sthanam. There are seven kalas in human body whereas pittadhara kala is sex and is present in between pakwashaya and amashaya i.e. grahani. Grahani has utmost importance in Agni, agni has role in causation every disease. Grahani also promotes complete digestion, assimilation and absorption with the help of Pachak pitta which is produced by pittadharakala. Grahani can also be corelated with the small intestine and Small intestine is present in between stomach and large intestine, which is the major site of digestion and absorption of all nutritive substances, vitamins, micronutrients into the peripheral blood circulation. According to modern view, if we see the nature of mahasrotas i.e. gastrointestinal tract, it is found to be made up of four layers 1) Mucous layer 2) Submucous layer 3) Muscular layer 4) Serous or fibrous layer. The nature of mahasrotes i.e. G.I. tract according to modern view and the nature of pittadhara kala described by Sushruta both are similar, hence to study pittadhara kala can be attributed with the clinical knowledge for gastro-intestinal tract. Grahani described by Charaka can be considered to be the same organ which is described as pittadhara kala by Sushrutacharya, so considering these points it is needed to study it correlation for further knowledge and research.

Keywords: Kala, Pittadhara Kala, G.I. Track, Grahani.


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