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Abstract

EFFECT OF CHEWING KHAT ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS AT UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL, IN SANA'A, YEMEN

Maged Alwan Noman, Mahmoud Mahyoob Alburyhi* and Abdalwali Ahmed Saif

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Abstract

Background: Khat is an herb grown in large areas and chewed by many citizens .Khat has various physiological and metabolic effects associated with decreased appetite and body weight.Aim: The aim of the study is to determine the extent to which nutritional status affected by Chewing Khat among female students at Al-Yemenia University, Sana'a, Yemen. Method: The study was conducted on 331 female students, aged from 15 to 30 years at Al-Yemenia University, using questionnaires, such as demographic data, lifestyle, habits associated with Chewing Khat as well as body mass index and fat percentage to know the extent of the effect of Chewing Khat on nutritional status. Result: The total number of participants who Chewed Khat was about 57%, so that the age group was 15-20, 21-25, 26-30 equal to 38- 56.1- 5.9%, respectively. One of the most prominent habits associated with chewing Khat was smoking, as it was 50%. It was also noted that Khat causes sleep disturbances by 70.5% and effect on appetite by 71%. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the body mass index between Khat Chewers, and non-chewers, but Khat Chewers have some negative habits that affect the nutritional status as it pushes them to use smoking and a lot of soft drinks and affects appetite as well as causes sleep disturbances, health problems, and this in turn negatively affects the nutritional status.

Keywords: Khat, Female Students, Body mass index, Nutritional assessment.


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