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Abstract

A LITERARY REVIEW ON SANGYAHARAN

*Dr. Prabina Kumar Matari and Prof. (Dr.) Ranjan Kumar Kasta

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Abstract

Ayurveda is the knowledge of complete health science, as per literatures it was recalled by lord Brhama. Later this knowledge transferred to Dakhsh prajapait then to Ashwini kumar and others. Dhanvantari Sampraday is known as school of surgery (Shalya) and Acharya Sushruta is main disciple of this school who wrote Sushruta samhita. It describes many surgical principles along with surgical ethics. Sushruta smahita describes many basic principles related to surgery in sutra sthana. Since ancient time surgeons have recognized the significance of anaesthesia and they have made an effort to achieve a state of painless surgery. As Acharya Sushruta was a profound surgeon he used sangyaharana for painless surgery. Some Dravyas, such as Madya (wine) and mohachurna, were mentioned by Sushruta. Acharya Charak has also explained how the patient should be administered the tikshna Sura before surgery. Other various dravyas were described for sangyanharan by different authors. This study provided a historical perspective on the use of Sangyaharana (Anaesthesia) by ancient surgeons.

Keywords: Sangyaharana, Shalya, Anesthesia, Madya.


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