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Abstract

INVESTIGATION OF PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUG IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS WITH CARDIAC COMPLICATIONS

Tonsy Thomas*, Shreya and Thushara Ranjith

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus and Hypertension are conditions characterized by high blood sugar levels, high blood pressure. Early detection and treatment are crucial, along with lifestyle changes and weight control, to reduce the risk of cardiac complications. Objectives: The main aim of our study is an investigate the prescribing pattern of antihypertensive drugs in type 2 diabetes mellitus and check for cardiac complications. Methods: A prospective type of observational study in a multispecialty hospital for 6 months. Microsoft Excel version 12 and SPSS [Statistical Package for Social Science] version 22 were used for statistical analysis. Results: Out of 80 patients, hypertension with type 2 diabetes mellitus was most common in men over the age of 60. Our study reveals that all 80(100%) patients had heart disease as a comorbidity. Among the 80 patients, 48(60%) had CAD as one of their cardiac complications. 5% of patients received combination therapy while the majority of the patients, i.e., 95%, received monotherapy. The most commonly prescribed drug was found to be Beta-blocker 46 (57.5%). The most commonly prescribed antihypertensive brand was Betaloc 24(30%). Conclusion: Our study showed that hypertension was the most prevalent risk factor among type 2 diabetes patients. Betaloc (beta blocker) was the most commonly prescribed drug for hypertension in type 2 diabetic patients.

Keywords: Prescribing pattern, Antihypertensive drug, Hypertension, Blood pressure, Diabetes Mellitus, Cardiac Complications.


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