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Best Paper Award :
Dr. Dhrubo Jyoti Sen
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Abstract

CASE STUDY ON LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY ALONG WITH CRITICAL REVIEW ON SUSHRUTA’S NADIYANTRA

*Dr. Jyoti Shinde, Dr. Akanksha Ravindra Rangari, Dr. Pramey Dhage and

Dr. Kamlakar Shahare

Abstract

The term laparo means the flank or the abdominal wall. Laparoscope is a modern surgical instrument, a type of endoscope that allows minimally invasive surgery through small incisions on abdominal wall. Actually so called Endoscope in modern surgery is nothing but an ancient device in Ayurveda that was first described by Acharya Sushruta, the father of Indian surgery, in his literature Sushruta Samhita. Sushruta narrated his endoscopic instruments as “Nadiyantra”, which means "tubular instrument". Nadiyantra is a form of yantra (a blunt instrument) which has hollow interior and tubular structure having opening on one or both sides. He used Nadiyantras for various purposes, such as removing foreign bodies, draining fluids, visualizing lesions and facilitating surgical procedures. He described 20 types of Nadiyantras for different body parts and diseases. The laparoscope is an advanced version of Nadiyantra that uses a camera and light source to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs. The laparoscope is a modern innovation that is built on the ancient wisdom of Sushruta. This Laparoscope has similar functions as of Nadiyantra. An attempt has been made to define laparoscope as an advancement of Sushrutas Nadiyantra.

Keywords: Laparoscope, Endoscopy, Nadiyantra, Tubular instruments.


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