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Abstract

REVIEW ON SHIROVIRECHANIYA DRAVYAS W.S.T APAMARGA TANDULIYA ADHYAYA OF CHARAKA SAMHITA

*Dr. Patil Yuvraj Rajgonda, Dr. Adiveppa Nashipudi and Dr. Mosin Karimkhan

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Abstract

The Apamarga Tanduliya chapter had propounded by Acharya Agnivesha. Shirovirechana is the best therapeutic procedure for the management of head and neck disorders. These Shirovirechana Gana drugs have possibility to passive absorption directly through the cells of the membrane. Lipid soluble substances have greater affinity for passive absorption through the cell walls of nasal mucosa. The cilia of the olfactory cells and perhaps the portions of the body of the olfactory cells contain relatively large quantities of lipid materials. The non polar hydrophobic molecules diffuse through the lipid bilayer of the plasma membrane, into and out of cells. Such molecules include oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen gases, fatty acids, steroids, and fat soluble vitamins. Further the drug absorption is enhanced by local massage and fomentation. The neurological path is concerned with the olfactory stimuli. The olfactory nerve differs from other cranial nerves in its close relation with the brain. The peripheral olfactory nerves are chemo receptor in nature. The olfactory nerves are connected with the higher centres of the brain, ie limbic system consisting mainly of amygdaloidal complex, hypothalamus, epithelium, anterior thalamic nuclei parts of basal ganglia. So the drugs administered through the nose stimulate the higher centres of the brain which shows the action on regulation of endocrine and nervous system functions. In this present review the Shirovirechana drugs were selected from the second chapter of Charaka Samhita Sutrastana viz; Dehusked Apamarga seeds, Pippali, Maricha, Vidanga, Shigru, Sarshapa, Tumburu, Ajaji, Ajagandha(Ajamoda), Peelu, Ela, Harenuka, Prithivika, Surasa, Shweta Aparajita, Kutheruka, Phanijjaka, Shirisha Beeja, Lashuna, Haridra, Daruharidra, Saindhava Lavana, Sauvarchala Lavana, Jyotishmati, Shunthi. Further scope of study is to scientifically evaluation and cellular level absorption of these drugs in vitro and in vivo parameters.

Keywords: Apamarga Tandula, Charaka Samhita, Shirovirechana Dravyas, errhine therapy.


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