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Abstract

UNIVERSALITY OF ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY AND ROLE OF CLINICAL PHARMACIST

Fathima Pothuraju, S.Bhuvaneswari*, G.Durga Bhavani, P.Naga Rot Kumar,
Dr.P.Raghava Rao and N.V.Rama Rao

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of anemia in pregnancy in tertiary care hospital, provide brief overview about the causes of anemia in pregnancy,To counsel women of various pregnancy groups regarding their hemoglobin levels , nutritional status, and advice them on dietary sources. METHOD: A prospective observational study has been carried out in Guntur general hospital with history was collected with details of age, haemoglobin levels, blood pressure, abortions, childspacing,medication adherence, diagnosis,treatment and other relevant informations. RESULTS: In the total pregnant women of 5052, 29% patients are identified as mild anemic, 64% moderate, 3% severe anemic. In the first trimester 2.5% pregnant women are mild anemic, in second trimester 3.3% are mild, 13.3% are moderately anemic, 0.7% are severe anemic. In third trimester 23.8% are mild anemic, 52.2% are moderately anemic, 1% are severe anemic.23% are within the age group of 16-20years; 60.5% are within the age group of 21-25;16% are within the age group of 26-30years; 0.5% are within the age group of 31-35 years.20% of the pregnant women are non adherent. CONCLUSION: In 5052 pregnant women who visited government hospital, 96% are anemic. Most of the women, who visited are below poverty line with less income and low nutritional status. Due to general taboos and other reasons medication supplied in the hospital are discontinued in their third trimester. Each and every patient is counselled and the study results are fruitful as the women showed good compliance to medication, their haemoglobin and nutritional status was better than before.

Keywords: Universality, Anemia, Trimester.


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