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Abstract

EFFECT OF VARIOUS PROCESSING METHODS ON THE MINERAL CONTENT OF LATHYRUS SATIVUS SEEDS CULTIVATED IN DIFFERENT STATES OF INDIA

Sujata Yerra, Swathi Putta and Eswar Kumar Kilari*

Abstract

Pulses form a common part of human diet, grass pea is one among them. The grass pea (Latyrus sativus) seeds cultivated in different States of India like Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Odisha, West Bengal, Chattisgarh and Bihar were taken and the seeds were treated by using different processing methods of wet roasting, boiling and soaking+boiling and also further mineral analysis for the estimation of calcium, iron, copper, zinc, magnesium and phytic acid were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer method. Among all the States of India, Lathyrus sativus cultivated in Andhra Pradesh showed higher amounts of minerals compared to other States of India. In Andhra Pradesh, the soaked+boiled processed seeds showed a better amount of mineral values compared to raw, wet roasted and boiled Lathyrus sativus seeds. The seeds have a higher concentration of magnesium followed by calcium. The trace minerals are also found to high and the levels of phytic acid was significantly altered.

Keywords: Grass pea, Lathyrus sativus, processing methods, Minerals, Phytic acid.


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