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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEW OF TUDRI SURKH (CHEIRANTHUS CHEIRI)

Aasiy Ul Erum*, Mohd Aslam, M. A. Jafri, M. Aftab Ahmed, Amjad Waheed Yousuf

Abstract

Background and Aims: The traditional system of medicine continues to play an essential role in health care management. A number of plant origin drugs are utilized in Unani system of medicine for the treatment of various diseases. Tudri surkh (Cheiranthus cheiri) is one among them and is used either individually or in combination with other drugs in compound pharmacopeial formulations. Tudri surkh is a perennial plant of family Brassicaceae originally a native of Europe. This review article aims to describe morphological characteristics, phytochemistry, ethno botanical uses and therapeutic properties of Tudri Surkh. Methods: We systematically searched classical Unani literature, online data sources (PubMed, Google scholar, Elsevier, Science Direct and Research Gate) and offline encyclopaedia and books on medicinal plants for the relevant data on Tudri Surkh. Results: Tudri surkh contains alkaloids, glucosides, flavonoids and phenols. Plant contains cardenolides used for congestive heart failure. Glucosinalates (mustard oil glucosides) are secondary metabolites which are present in Tudri surkh possess biocidal and health benefits. Seeds are considered as tonic, diuretic, aphrodisiac, and expectorant. It is beneficial in tumours, jaundice and drug toxicity.

Keywords: Glucosides, flavonoids, glucosinalates, drug toxicity.


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