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Abstract

ANTI-MICROBIAL STUDIES ON RASAM: A SOUTH INDIAN TRADITIONAL FUNCTIONAL FOOD

Agilandeswari Devarajan* and M. K. Mohan Maruga Raja

Abstract

Rasam, is a traditional functional food as all of its ingredients are medicinally claimed for various ailments. Rasam is used as an effective home remedy for common cold, cough and an antidote for flu or fever. There have been no anti-microbial studies on rasam hence; this study was carried out to explore the anti-microbial potential of rasam. Stage wise samples in the preparation of rasam (RS1, RS2, RS3 and RS4) were studied for anti-microbial activity against Bacillus cereus (NCIM 5293), Micrococcus luteus (NCIM 5262), Streptococcus pyogenes (NCIM 5280), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (NCIM 5029), Salmonella typhi (NCIM 5255), Escherichia coli (NCIM 5347), Candida albicans (NCIM 3631) and Penicillium digitatum (NCIM 939). Zone of inhibition (ZoI) and minimum inhibitory (MIC) concentration were determined by agar well diffusion method and broth micro dilution method respectively. The final product of rasam (RS4) showed higher ZoI against B. cereus and P. aeruginosa with an MIC value of 50.07 and 201.69μL/mL respectively. Rasam is a traditional functional food with anti-bacterial activity. Daily dietary consumption of rasam can prevent bacteria associated illnesses. The potent anti-bacterial activity of rasam against B. cereus has scientifically justified its traditional consumption with boiled rice.

Keywords: Anti-bacterial, B. cereus, Chaaru, Saaru, spices.


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