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Abstract

HOMICIDE SIMULATING ACCIDENTAL

D. K. Sharma* and Dr. Asha Verma

Abstract

Burns are injuries produced by the application of dry heat, to thesurface of the body. It may be epidermal, dermo-epidermal or deepburn, according to the nature of their severity. Homicide by electricity,through extremely rare, is quite possible. Death by electric currents aremostly accidental. A contact burn is due to close contact with anelectrically “live” object with voltage. The human body, is a badconductor of electricity, though the resistance varies in differenttissues. Blood vessels and muscles are very good conductors as theycontain considerable water. High voltage causes a violent muscularcontraction and the person may immediately be thrown away from thesource of current, which may result in death. The degree of damage totissues is proportional to the quantity of electricity flowing thoughthem per unit time. It is important that electrocution deaths thoroughly documented andinvestigated for safety prevention and compensatory reasons. According to the locard’sprinciple, when a criminal and / or his instruments of crime come in contact with the victimor the objects surrounding him, they leave traces. Likewise, the criminal and / or hisinstruments pick up traces from the same contact. Thus, a mutual exchange of traces takesplace between the criminal, the victim and the objects involved in the crime. If these left overtraces are identified to the original source viz., the criminal or his instruments or if the pickedup traces are linked with the victim, the scene or the objects around the victim at the scene,they establish the contact and pin the crime on to the criminal.[1] If burns are caused by heatedsolid surface, the skin is blackened. Accidental cases are very common, especially amongwomen and children on account of view negligence.

Keywords: Homicide, Accidental, Rigor Mortis, Electrocution, Voltage, Ligature.


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