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Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF LIFESTYLE ON BMI IN ADULT PEOPLE IN SAUDI ARABIA, 2017

Tahani Abdullah Doshi*, Hind Fahad Alqubali, Aqeela Najim Al-khamis, Amnah Essa Abu lahsah, Rahma Ibrahim Mohzari, Mohammed Hadi Assiri, Nouf Mohammed Mari, Layla Ali Hussin Mohammed, Khetam Hamod Moafa, Abdulrahman Fahad AL-Aql

Abstract

Background: Food habits and lifestyle significantly affect the prevalence of overweight and obesity thus impact the BMI among Saudi population. Objectives:Assessment of the impact of life style on the BMI among adult population in KSA. Methods: A cross sectional study conducted on 1055 adult Saudi subjects aged between 20-40 years old. A predesigned questionnaire was distributed among included subjects form January 2017- May 2017consisted of questions about subject’s demographics, anthropometric measures, and life style. Results: This study included 1055 subjects from which 40.9% of subjects were normal, 5.9% were underweight, 25% were overweight, 17.1% were obese, 8.4% were severely obese and 2.7% were morbid obese.Being female, older age and smoking were significantly related with overweight and obesity as found in many studies in KSA.The bad life style habits, lack of exercise and watching TV and video games were significantly associated with a high prevalence of obesity and overweight among studied subjects. Conclusion: Bad life style habits, smoking, not practicing physical exercise and using entertainment means for long time significantly increased the BMI thus revealing high rates of overweight and obesity.

Keywords: Lifestyle, BMI, Obesity, Adult, KSA.


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