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Abstract

ETIOPATHOGENESIS OF KUSHTHA ROGA (TVACHA VIKAR) W.S.R. TO PSORIASIS

*Vd. Yasmin Fasiuddin Shaikh and Vd. Ujwala V. Pawar

Abstract

The skin is largest Organ of human body. It is one of the five „Gyanendriyas’ described in Ayurvedic texts, which is responsible for Sparsh Gyan or touch sensation. Most of the skin disorders (Tvacha vikara) have been described under umbrella of Kushtha. Kushtha means pathological condition which despises the skin. Psoriasis is one of the most common dermatological diseases affecting upto 2.5% of world‟s Population. In Ayurveda Kushtha Roga includes dermatological disorders including Psoriasis described as one of the most chronic disorders and is very difficult to cure. Several modifying factors including obesity, trauma, infection and a possible deficiency of the active forms of vitamin D3 plays an important role in development of Psoriais. Psoriasis is a complex, chronic, multifactorial, inflammatory disease that involves hyperproliferation of the keratinocytes in the epidermis, with an increase in the epidermal cell turnover rate. Environmental, genetic and immunological factors appear to play a key role in pathogenesis of different chronic dermatological disorders especially in Psoriasis. The disease Psoriasis, most commonly manifests on the skin of elbows, knees, scalp, lumbosacral areas, intergluteal clefts and glans penis. In upto 30% of patients, the joints are also affected. Both sciences, ayurveda and modern medical science accepted that diet, activities, environmental, genetic & immunological and psychological factors play key role in the etiopathogenesis of dermatological disorder. In this review, mentioned the etiopathogenesis of Kushtha Roga w.s.r. to Psoriasis.

Keywords: Kushtha, Psoriasis, Etiology, Pathogenesis.


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