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Abstract

ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF IRON BACTERIA FROM RUSTED IRON MATERIALS

Dr. Jaspal Kaur Oberoi*, Neha Katkar and Rucha Ande

Abstract

Iron corrosion is one of the most complicated and costly problems faced by drinking water utilities. Iron pipes have been used to transport potable water and iron pipe corrosion has been a problem for just as long. The brownish slimy growth of iron bacteria on rusted iron materials is responsible for corrosion. These iron oxidizing bacteria show several advantages, when grown and implemented in various sectors. Some of the applications of iron bacteria include removal of excess of iron from water bodies, extraction of metals from poor ores, reduction of dyes, reduction of coliforms in water bodies and bioleaching. This review focuses on the isolation, identification and characterization of iron oxidising bacteria and discusses some of the applications the same. Organisms are isolated by scrapping the rusted iron materials such as iron pole exposed to water and air for a long time and using these scrappings as inoculum. The sample is enriched in a medium containing different salts and iron ammonium citrate as a major component. After enrichment of about 3days isolation is carried out using Winogradsky's medium. Isolated colonies are then identified and subjected to use in different industrial sectors.

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