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Abstract

A GENERAL REVIEW ON “NANOTECHNOLOGY”- A TREMENDOUS MYSTERY FOR GREEN AGRICULTURE

Dr. D. Padmavathi*

Abstract

The application of nanomaterials in agriculture aims in particular to reduce applications of plant protection products, minimize nutrient losses in fertilization, and increase yields through optimized nutrient management. Nanotechnology devices and tools, like Nano capsules, nanoparticles and even viral capsids, are examples of uses for the detection and treatment of diseases, the enhancement of nutrients absorption by plants, the delivery of active ingredients to specific sites and water treatment processes. The use of target-specific nanoparticles can reduce the damage to non-target plant tissues and the amount of chemicals released into the environment. Nanotechnology derived devices are also explored in the field of plant breeding and genetic transformation. Nanomaterials and nanostructures with unique chemical, physical, and mechanical properties like electrochemically active carbon nanotubes, nanofibers and fullerenes have been recently developed and applied for highly sensitive bio-chemical sensors. The present article review and reveals the need, importance over nanotechnology, Nano sensors, Over the upliftment of agriculture. Nanotechnology in agriculture has gained momentum in the last decade with an abundance of public funding, but the pace of development is modest, even though many disciplines come under the umbrella of agriculture. Nanotechnology intervention in farming has bright prospects for improving the efficiency of nutrient use through Nano formulations of fertilizers, breaking yield barriers through bio nanotechnology, surveillance and control of pests and diseases, understanding mechanisms of host-parasite interactions at the molecular level, development of newgeneration pesticides and their carriers, preservation and packaging of food and food additives, strengthening of natural fibres, removal of contaminants from soil and water, improving the shelf-life of vegetables and flowers, clay-based Nano resources for precision water management, reclamation of salt-affected soils, and stabilization of erosion-prone surfaces. Nanotechnology. Scientists have been working towards exploring new applications of nanotechnology in agriculture and the food industry – if these discoveries are applied sensibly, the environment, the agricultural sector and the food industry will indeed see tremendous changes for the better in the coming years.

Keywords: Agriculture, Nanotechnology, environment, fertilizers, pesticides.


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